Vol. 10 - 2019

January-June2019, Issue 1

Introduction: Most parents are unaware of the role that a pediatric dentist plays in their child’s life, and the importance of dental visits at an
early age is underestimated as most believe that the milk teeth are going to exfoliate and it not worth paying much attention to. Hence, the
study was conducted with the objective to assess the parental knowledge of the importance they give to primary teeth and to evaluate their
attitudes toward the management of a symptomatic primary tooth, and acceptance of preventive procedures.
Materials and methods: A questionnaire was given to all the parents of children who were in the age group up to 12 years. One hundred
completely filled questionnaires were included in the study.
Statistical analysis: All data were entered in an excel sheet and the analysis was done using Pearson’s Chi-square test.
Results: Out of the selected parents, over 81% of the parents knew the importance of primary dentition, whereas 18% were unaware of the
same. The awareness about the specialty of pediatric dentistry was among 54.5% of the parents. Whereas the knowledge of root canal treatment
as well as the capping procedure was among 40.6% of the parents.
Conclusion: From the results of the study, it was apparent that attitude and awareness among parents regarding regular dental visits and
the importance of accepting preventive dental procedures at an early age is limited. Improvement of knowledge in this regard is of utmost
importance for long-term maintenance and improvement of healthy dentition for children.
Keywords: Pediatric dentist, Preventive dental procedures, Primary dentition.
Journal of Dental Sciences and Oral Rehabilitation (2019): 10.5005/jp-journals-10086-1212


Knowledge and Attitude Regarding Dental Stem Cells in a Dental College of Bareilly City: A Cross-sectional Study

Raghvendra Kumar1, Kratika Ajai, Krishnappa K Shivalingesh, Smriti Saxena, Nitish Rastogi, Saima Ali

Introduction: Stem cells (SCs) have a property of self-renewal and replication. Dental SCs are considered as an important and valuable source of
SCs which can be collected from the healthy pulp. Different human dental SCs (DSCs) are rich in mesenchymal cells; therefore, it can be stored
for future use through minimally invasive procedures. Hence, the aim of the present study is to assess the knowledge and attitude of dentists
in a dental college related to dental SCs.
Materials and methods: A cross-sectional descriptive, questionnaire-based survey based on knowledge and attitude was conducted and a
total of 100 dentists participated in the survey from the Institute of Dental Sciences, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India. A total of 20 questions were
asked regarding sociodemographic variables which included age, gender, area of work, qualification, and years of experience followed by the
awareness regarding SCs and DSCs in detail.
Results: The study consisted of 100 participants who completed the questionnaires (39 males and 61 females) which comprises 41% dental
graduates (BDS) and 59% postgraduates (MDS). In the present study, out of 100 participants, 94% were aware (i.e., 35 dental graduates and
59 postgraduates) and rest 6% were unaware about SCs in general; while 83% were aware of dental SCs (i.e., 24 dental graduates and 59
postgraduates) and rest 17% were unaware about dental SCs.
Conclusion: A positive attitude has been displayed by the respondents toward updating the knowledge regarding dental SCs.
Keywords: Attitude, Cross-sectional, Dental stem cells, Knowledge.
Journal of Dental Sciences and Oral Rehabilitation (2019): 10.5005/jp-journals-10086-1209


Assessment of Knowledge and Perception of Dentists toward Nicotine Replacement Therapy in a Dental College of Bareilly City: A Cross-sectional Study

Saima Ali, KK Shivalingesh, Chanchal Gangwar, Smriti Saxena, Arunendra S Chauhan, Raghvendra Kumar

Introduction: Smoking is the prime risk factor for the oral cancer and other diseases. Dentists plays an important role in preventing the habit of
smoking by motivating tobacco cessation. The unexplored level of knowledge about nicotine replacement therapy has developed our interest
to assess the knowledge and perception of dentists toward nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) by using a self-administered questionnaire.
Materials and methods: The study is conducted among dentists in a dental college and they were randomly selected by using convenient
random sampling. Their knowledge and perception were assessed using a questionnaire.
Results: Of the 100 subjects, 66% were females and 34% were males and the mean age was 26.14 ± 4.55. The knowledge of term NRT (92%)
was good. Nearly 43% know about the forms of NRT (gums, lozenges, tablets, nasal spray, and patches). Approximately 58% were aware of the
effectiveness of NRT to help smokers quit.
Conclusion: The superficial knowledge of dentists is good, but they are somewhere lacking a deep knowledge of NRT. Therefore, there is a need
to inculcate a topic of NRT in the academic schedule and some professional training programs should be carried out.
Keywords: Dentist, Knowledge, Nicotine replacement therapy, Perception, Tobacco cessation.
Journal of Dental Sciences and Oral Rehabilitation (2019): 10.5005/jp-journals-10086-1204


Modalities of Possible Treatment in Furcation Involvement: A Review

Priyamwada Sethi, Rayashettipura GS Manjunath, Geetika Kumar, Jitendra Kumar Diwakar

Furcation areas are most difficult areas to maintain the oral hygiene because of limited accessibility and anatomical variations. Thus, these areas
are prone to accumulation of plaque and onset of periodontal disease. There are various modalities for treatment of furcation defect based on its
morphology. Various surgical as well as non-surgical therapies are briefly described in this review article for treatment of furcation involvement.
Keywords: Furcation, Periodontitis, Regeneration.
Journal of Dental Sciences and Oral Rehabilitation (2019): 10.5005/jp-journals-10086-1207


Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Tongue in Female: A Changing Trend

Kolli Y Giri, Preeti Sharma, Vishakha Lal, Swapnil Saxena, Pankaj Singh, Ashish Sharma

Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is the stratified squamous epithelium in the oral cavity. Tongue carcinoma embodies 22–49% of all oral cancer
diagnosed. The lateral border of the tongue is the site most generally encountered and is metastasizes ipsilaterally but SCC of lip or body of
the tongue may display bilateral metastases. The most common cause of SCC of the tongue is the chewing habit of tobacco. SCC of the tongue
is chiefly a disease of males but the relative incidence in females is rising apparently as their adopting many of the noxious habits of males (a
ratio of male:female is 2:1). This article presents a case report of carcinoma of the tongue in a young adult managed by partial glossectomy
followed by supra-omohyoid neck dissection.
Keywords: Metastases, Partial glossectomy, Squamous cell carcinoma, Supra-omohyoid dissectioning, Tongue.
Journal of Dental Sciences and Oral Rehabilitation (2019): 10.5005/jp-journals-10086-1211


Parotid Sialocele, Fistula, and its Management

Bavanthabettu N Indra, Archana Chaurasia, Anurag Agarwal, Kumar Abhishek

Introduction: Facial swellings commonly presented to the clinician every day can be due to a variety of causes. One of such swelling is sialocele,
which is a cavity filled with saliva which is caused by ductal injury or parenchyma injury and more commonly observed in parotid gland than
any other salivary glands.
Methods: Relevant all article available in the goggle scholar search engine are selected.
Results: All long term results of parotid sialocele occurred, resulted and treated either by conservative therapy or surgical therapy are considered.
They are most commonly observed and involved in parotid gland. In most of the time the sialoceles and fistulas are treated by simple conservative
method itself. In long-standing, fibrosed cases the surgical intervention may be considered.
Conclusion: The conservative treatments suffice, but in case of resistant cases it requires surgical intervention.
Keywords: Compression dressings, Parotid fistula, Sialocele, Tympanic neurectomy.
Journal of Dental Sciences and Oral Rehabilitation (2019): 10.5005/jp-journals-10086-1210

Dental crowding is one of the primary motivating factor for seeking orthodontic care. Earlier treatment of severe crowding was only possible
with extraction modality but nowadays with an advanced bracket system and new superelastic orthodontic wires, it is now possible to treat
such cases with non-extraction modality. This report that orthodontics diagnosis and effective non-extraction correction of severe crowding
case using Damon brackets system which otherwise with conventional bracket system would have been difficult to treat with the non-extraction
treatment modality.
Keywords: Damon system, Non-extraction, Sever crowding, Self-ligating brackets.
Journal of Dental Sciences and Oral Rehabilitation (2019): 10.5005/jp-journals-10086-1213


Juvenile Fibromatosis: A Rare Case Report of Head and Neck Region

Archana Chaurasia, Sakshi Gupta, Gaurav Vishal, Asjad R Khan

Fibromatosis can be defined as a broad group of benign fibrous tissue proliferation which a has similar microscopical picture and their biological
behavior lies between benign fibrous lesions and fibrosarcoma. WHO defines fibromatosis as a tumor that originates from the mesenchymal
tissue which is nonmetastatic but presented as locally belligerent lesion which accounts for 0.03% of neoplasms and 3% of every type of soft
tissue lesions. Fibromatosis is mainly classified as superficial and deep types of fibromatosis. Superficial fibromatosis is nonaggressive, slow
growing, and does not involve deeper structures so that they are of smaller size. Deep fibromatosis is aggressive type, grows rapidly, and
penetrates extensively, whether in diffuse, multifocal, or local simulate malignancy. As it has a higher recurrence rate, the treatment of choice is
surgical excision of the lesion. Here, we present a case report of an 8-year-old male patient diagnosed as juvenile fibromatosis of the mandible
and treated surgically under general anesthesia. On 1-year follow-up, there was no recurrence of the lesion.
Keywords: Fibromatosis, Fibrosarcoma, Non metastatic.
Journal of Dental Sciences and Oral Rehabilitation (2019): 10.5005/jp-journals-10086-1208


Rehabilitation with Implant-supported Overdenture in Edentulous Patient: A Case Report

Chetan Luniyal, Varun Sachan, Siddharth Vaish, Abhinav Khare, Chandana Nair

Implant-based overdentures offer a cost-effective option for resorbed alveolar ridges. This case report describes rehabilitation of a resorbed
maxillary and mandibular arch with implant-supported overdenture. Two ball and socket implants were placed bilaterally in the parasymphyseal
area in the mandible and the intercanine region in maxilla. The existing denture was relined to accommodate the “ball head” of the implant in the
interim period. Three months later, when patient was taken up for denture fabrication, the “metal housing” with nylon cap of the ball attachment
was incorporated into the new denture base. Implant-supported overdenture significantly increased the retention, support, and stability of the
dentures. The simple design and efficacy of the implant-based overdenture holds promising aspects in the treatment of edentulism.
Keywords: Ball attachments, Edentulism, Implant-supported overdenture, Impression copings.
Journal of Dental Sciences and Oral Rehabilitation (2019): 10.5005/jp-journals-10086-1206


Esthetic Rehabilitation in an Immature Pediatric Patient under General Anesthesia: A Case Report

Anshu Kesharwal, Anshul, Swati Misra, Polysmita Ojah

Maintenance of the primary dentition is important for the well-being of the child. The esthetic restoration of severely mutilated primary anterior
teeth has for a long time been a challenge for pediatric dentists. Nonpharmacological behavior-management techniques are primary techniques
for treating children in the dental chair. However, in very young children who are emotionally immature, these techniques cannot be applied.
Thus, to perform any dental treatment, pharmacological means are useful to obtain a quiescent cooperative patient. The purpose of this case
report is to highlight full mouth rehabilitation under general anesthesia in a pediatric patient.
Keywords: Early childhood caries, Esthetic rehabilitation, General anesthesia.
Journal of Dental Sciences and Oral Rehabilitation (2019): 10.5005/jp-journals-10086-1205

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